TAILIEUCHUNG - Economic Policy Thoughts for Today and Tomorrow phần 3

ba mươi hay bốn mươi năm trước đây, về chính sách tiền lương "/" như họ gọi nó là của Henry Ford Một trong những thành tựu tuyệt vời của ông Ford là ông đã trả lương cao hơn so với công nghiệp hoặc các nhà máy khác. Chính sách tiền lương của ông là | 12 ECONOMIC POLICY the market. But the workers as well as the producers of raw materials get the benefits immediately. Much was said thirty or forty years ago about the wage policy as they called it of Henry Ford. One of Mr. Ford s great accomplishments was that he paid higher wages than did other industrialists or factories. His wage policy was described as an invention yet it is not enough to say that this new invented policy was the result of the liberality of Mr. Ford. A new branch of business or a new factory in an already existing branch of business has to attract workers from other employments from other parts of the country even from other countries. And the only way to do this is to offer the workers higher wages for their work. This is what took place in the early days of capitalism and it is still taking place today. When the manufacturers in Great Britain first began to produce cotton goods they paid their workers more than they had earned before. Of course a great percentage of these new workers had earned nothing at all before that and were prepared to take anything they were offered. But after a short time when more and more capital was accumulated and more and more new enterprises were developed wage rates went up and the result was the unprecedented increase in British population which I spoke of earlier. The scornful depiction of capitalism by some people as a system designed to make the rich become richer and the poor become poorer is wrong from beginning to end. Marx s thesis regarding the coming of socialism was based on the assumption that workers were getting poorer that the masses were becoming more destitute and that finally all the wealth of a country would be concentrated in a few hands or in the hands of one man Capitalism 13 only. And then the masses of impoverished workers would finally rebel and expropriate the riches of the wealthy proprietors. According to this doctrine of Karl Marx there can be no opportunity no possibility within