TAILIEUCHUNG - SAMPLING AND SURVEYING RADIOLOGICAL ENVIRONMENTS - CHAPTER 2

Luật và quy định môi trường Mục đích của chương này là cung cấp cho người đọc hướng dẫn chung về các loại vấn đề giải quyết theo pháp luật môi trường chính và các quy định liên bang, và để cung cấp địa chỉ Internet cho các cơ quan nhà nước quy định mà từ đó yêu cầu của họ có thể thu được. Thông tin này không nhằm mục đích để được trích dẫn là quy định của pháp luật, mà đúng hơn là được cung cấp để cung cấp cho người đọc thông tin chung về các vấn. | CHAPTER 2 Environmental Laws and Regulations The purpose of this chapter is to provide the reader with general guidance on the types of issues addressed under the major environmental laws and federal regulations and to provide Internet addresses for state regulatory agencies from which their requirements can be obtained. This information is not intended to be cited as law but rather is provided to give the reader general information about the issues addressed by each of the cited laws and regulations. An environmental law is first introduced as a bill to the . House of Representatives or the . Senate. The bill is then passed on to a committee where it undergoes a detailed evaluation. As part of this evaluation it is not uncommon for committee hearings to be held where expert witnesses are called to testify on the key technical aspects of the bill. If the bill is passed it becomes an act that is then sent to the President of the United States to sign into law. Once an environmental law is passed administrative agencies . . Environmental Protection Agency develop and promulgate regulations that are then enforced at the federal level. Individual states often choose to promulgate their own regulations which are required either to meet or to exceed the federal standards. ENVIRONMENTAL LAWS This section discusses the major environmental laws that pertain to performing environmental studies at radiological and chemical sites. These laws include the following Comprehensive Environmental Response Compensation and Liability Act CERCLA Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act SARA Resource Conservation and Recovery Act RCRA Toxic Substance Control Act TSCA National Environmental Policy Act NEPA Clean Water Act CWA Safe Drinking Water Act SDWA Clean Air Act CAA 13 2001 by CRC Press LLC 14 SAMPLING AND SURVEYING RADIOLOGICAL ENVIRONMENTS Although each of these laws is different in terms of the types of materials or activities that it regulates together they