TAILIEUCHUNG - Introdungcing English language part 7

Introdungcing English language part 7: 'In this exciting new textbook, Louise Mullany and Peter Stockwell have provided a fresh and imaginative set of alternatives for teaching and learning a huge amount about the English language. The book allows tor creative and lateral approaches to developing an understanding of important linguistic concepts and, together with the thought-provoking activities, and accessible readings, guarantees there is something to stimulate every learner. | A5 22 INTRODUCTION KEY BASIC CONCEPTS Jill has been talking on the topic of her mobile hairdresser. 1 Sue bit of pocket money isn t it for her 2 Sue you know 3 Jill she only lives in Green Lane but she said she s eh 4 emigrating In line 3 Jill invokes their shared background knowledge of local geography external to the preceding text by uttering the proper noun referent Green Lane a road which is about a twenty-minute walk away from their homes Jill and Sue live within a five-minute walk of each other . The category of textual cohesion can be perceived as a component of coherence but this has to be accompanied by the receiver having a global unified sense of a language system. So as well as having a set of identifiable linguistic features coherence is a broader category which also has a cognitive dimension. Texts may have cohesion but not coherence - just because a text is made up of clauses and phrases that give cohesion does not by default make a text coherent. Deciding upon textual coherence depends to a large extent upon pragmatics in particular upon the pragmatic principles of co-operation and politeness B3 . These principles can help discourse analysts understand how the unity of the English language system is perceived. More examples of cohesive devices in action along with illustrations and discussions of coherence are given in D5. This includes further consideration of how discourse and pragmatics are linked with one another. Varieties of discourse analysis As mentioned above there are several different paradigms that exist within the overarching category of discourse analysis. We will give a brief introductory overview of the most influential of these in the remainder of this unit. The first paradigm is conversation analysis which has its roots in the work of Sacks Schegloff and Jefferson 1974 . Conversation analysts focus on establishing patterns such as turn-taking in conversation and researchers have examined features such as interruptions and topic .