TAILIEUCHUNG - Phytosanitary requirement for import of horticulture crops

The quantum of import and export of plant commodities have been increased during the recent years, there is a distinct possibility of moving insect pests and diseases from their original native habitation to new location. The government of India in 2003 has notification of a new plant Quarantine Order (PQ Order) to harmonized India’s regulatory frame work with the International Plant protection Convention (IPPC) and internationally accepted standard and the tenets of the SPS agreement of the World Trade Organization (WTO).Globally, direct yield losses caused by insect-pest and pathogens are altogether responsible for losses ranging between 20 and 40 % of agricultural productivity. There are some important international and national level quarantine diseases which cause extensive damage (about 15-25 %) to our country. So to prevent the introduction of exotic pests, diseases and weeds from foreign countries or within country, there are international agencies like IPPC, and national agencies like NPPO (Directorate of Plant Protection, Quarantine and Storage) which are involved in plant quarantine program. In plant quarantine program, Phytosanitay measures acts as an important tool in excluding pests from the crop. Under Phytosanitary measures, there is requirements needed for exporting as well as importing countries. For exporting countries, Phytosanitary certificate is required for inspection and identification of pest and a requirement for treatment at origin; if required. | EXCELLENT PUBLISHERS International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences ISSN 2319-7706 Volume 8 Number 02 2019 Journal homepage http Original Research Article https Phytosanitary Requirement for Import of Horticulture Crops Shivani Gupta Shalini Verma and Rajneesh Thakur Department of Plant Pathology Dr. Yaswanth Singh Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry Nauni Solan-173230 India Corresponding author ABSTRACT Keywords Exotic pests Quarantine Organizations Phytosanitary measures Article Info Accepted 20 January 2019 Available Online 10 February 2019 The quantum of import and export of plant commodities have been increased during the recent years there is a distinct possibility of moving insect pests and diseases from their original native habitation to new location. The government of India in 2003 has notification of a new plant Quarantine Order PQ Order to harmonized India s regulatory frame work with the International Plant protection Convention IPPC and internationally accepted standard and the tenets of the SPS agreement of the World Trade Organization WTO .Globally direct yield losses caused by insect-pest and pathogens are altogether responsible for losses ranging between 20 and 40 of agricultural productivity. There are some important international and national level quarantine diseases which cause extensive damage about 15-25 to our country. So to prevent the introduction of exotic pests diseases and weeds from foreign countries or within country there are international agencies like IPPC and national agencies like NPPO Directorate of Plant Protection Quarantine and Storage which are involved in plant quarantine program. In plant quarantine program Phytosanitay measures acts as an important tool in excluding pests from the crop. Under Phytosanitary measures there is requirements needed for exporting as well as importing countries. For exporting countries Phytosanitary certificate .