TAILIEUCHUNG - Cracking the toefl ibt part 14

Tham khảo tài liệu 'cracking the toefl ibt part 14', ngoại ngữ, toefl - ielts - toeic phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả | Reversal Transitions Often speakers on the TOEFL will reverse the direction or logic of the conversation or lecture. If you re not listening carefully you may misunderstand the speaker For example look at the following lines First I want to look at the mechanism by which single-celled organisms reproduce .urn actually let s come back to that In a moment We need to talk about. In this situation the speaker abrup tly changes the topic. These reversals happen occasionally during lectures and somewhat more frequently during conversations. Here are some phrases for which to listen. you know what we ll come back to that in a moment actually let s instead better yet I don t want to get into that now Negation Transitions Also speakers will sometimes use a positive word to indicate a negation. Look for phrases like the following where the negation words are italicized I don t have to explain that right You guys are okay with this correct We don t need to go into that now okay In each case the speaker uses a positive word to express a negative statement. When used in this way the positive words indicate that the speaker assumes the listener knows what the speaker is talking about and no further discussion or explanation is needed Reversals and negations can by tricky but if you re on the lookout for them they ll be easier to handle. CRACKING THE LISTENING SECTION BASIC APPROACH Now we re ready to crack the Listening section. Here are the steps. Adirriy listen co the noting the or purpc e sinicwe and. . .J tone WsWSOilftii 2 Attack the quwtiem WM . do each questkni H appears. 3. Use PO aggrewncely ypui W lhe. mam idea Eons id j CRACKING THE LISTENING SECTION 209 Let s try the steps on a practice passage. Step 1 Actively Listen to the Selection If you intend to take notes take a moment to organize your scrap paper. Remember you don t want to try to write down everything. Instead as we ve discussed focus on the main topic structure and tone. Listen carefully for .

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