TAILIEUCHUNG - Cracking the toefl ibt part 24

Đối với người bắt đầu học tiếng anh thì mọi việc thật khó khăn. Từ cách phát âm sao cho chuẩn xác đến việc sử dụng văn phạm thiệt đúng trong các bài viết luôn là một vấn đề lo sợ đối vời người học tiếng anh. Tài liệu này sẽ giúp chúng ta học tiếng anh một cách dễ dàng. | 10. The word BMW in the passage is closest in meaning to A explain B provide C avoid D refuse The Veneration of Trees In The Golden Bough his classic catalog of mythologies Sir James George Frazer extensively documents the significance of trees in world religion. His chapters on tree spirits roam from Northern Europe to the Eastern Seaboard of what is now the United States to the islands ot the Pacific. Despite the lack of contact among these regions the veneration of trees united them. The woods that covered large areas ot Europe and North America particularly were difficult to MmMM and dangerous to cross. It was not a great mental leap for people to see the trees that populated them as embodiments of the natural forces that governed their lives. On the basis of Frazer s classification one can derive three loose stages of tree worship. In the first a society sees the tree as the physical body-of the spirit that inhabits it -much as the human body can be seen as housing the mind. It is known that both the Celtic and the Germanic tribes that inhabited ancient Northern Europe regarded certain trees as sacred setting them apart by species as the Druids worshipped oaks or by location the way certain natural groves were regarded as natural temples or sacred spaces in what is now Germany . Early on each of these trees was regarded as an animate being with both spirit and body. It had a distinct identity like an individual person. This suggests that it was believed to have the same impulses and reactions as the people who venerated it. Accordingly ancient peoples had elaborate taboos designed to avoid causing offense to trees. These taboos were taken very seriously. In some places one could be punished wely for injuring the bark of a tree or stealing its fruit. Before a tree was felled for human use. woodcutters in many world cultures would offer it both apologies and thanks for the resources it was about to provide them. This was necessary to avoid insulting the tree and

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