TAILIEUCHUNG - Introdungcing English language part 46

Introdungcing English language part 46: 'In this exciting new textbook, Louise Mullany and Peter Stockwell have provided a fresh and imaginative set of alternatives for teaching and learning a huge amount about the English language. The book allows tor creative and lateral approaches to developing an understanding of important linguistic concepts and, together with the thought-provoking activities, and accessible readings, guarantees there is something to stimulate every learner. | 256 EXTENSION LINGUISTIC READINGS Andy Kirkpatrick analysis and who argue that far from being forced upon people unwillingly English has been actively sought out by people throughout the world Conrad 1996 Davies 1996 Li 2002b Brutt-Griffler 2002 . In their view people are making sensible and pragmatic choices they are not being coerced into learning English. And far from English being a purveyor of Anglo-cultural norms the development of new varieties of English shows how English can be adapted by its speakers to reflect their cultural norms. Kandiah 2001 sees both motivations in action and feels that there is an inherent contradiction for people in postcolonial countries. On the one hand people realise they need to learn English as it is the international language. On the other they fear that the need to use English in so many situations and for so many functions will threaten their own languages cultures and ways of thinking. Yet as Kachru and others have argued local Englishes reflect local cultures and ways of thinking. Second many non-Anglo or non-Western ways of thinking have received international attention through English. To take just three examples from Chinese culture traditional Chinese medicine the writings on the Art of War by Sun Zi and the tenets of Confucianism are now much better known in the West than in the past precisely because this Chinese cultural knowledge and these Chinese ways of thinking have been disseminated through English. As Jacques 2005 has argued with the rise in power of India and China American and Western values will be contested as never before. It is highly likely that they will be contested through the medium of English. In closing this chapter I want to introduce a conundrum that we face in an attempt to standardise and classify World Englishes. We like models and norms. The conundrum that we have to solve is that we are faced with many models all of which are characterised by internal variation. This has been pointed out .