TAILIEUCHUNG - Introdungcing English language part 23
Introdungcing English language part 23: 'In this exciting new textbook, Louise Mullany and Peter Stockwell have provided a fresh and imaginative set of alternatives for teaching and learning a huge amount about the English language. The book allows tor creative and lateral approaches to developing an understanding of important linguistic concepts and, together with the thought-provoking activities, and accessible readings, guarantees there is something to stimulate every learner. | C1 118 EXPLORATION INVESTIGATING ENGLISH LANGUAGE C1 PERFORMING ACCENTS Activity Q Accent keywords A word list refers to a collection of specially selected lexical items that are used as a toolkit by phoneticians to test for variation in individuals pronunciation. They are commonly given to speakers in the constructed context of a data collection interview where individuals will be asked to read a word list out loud whilst being audio-recorded see B12 . The word list technique was developed by the highly influential phonetician John Wells in the early 1980s. Word lists have been used by a number of sociophoneticians including Paul Foulkes and Gerry Docherty for their volume Urban Voices an examination of accent variation in urban areas of the British Isles just before the turn of the twenty-first century. The extract which appears in D1 as our Extension unit on phonetics and phonology is taken from this collection. Foulkes and Docherty s word list is given below to test for the articulation of vowel sounds. As we highlighted in A1 the best way to learn about phonetics is to articulate the speech sounds for yourself. Read the word list that appears below out loud to yourself whilst looking in a mirror to monitor the shape and positioning of your mouth lips and tongue. Try to work out which vowel sounds are being tested for phonetic variation by each individual word. Distribute the word list to a small group of friends or classmates and if possible record them reading this out loud first refer to B12 for a consideration on ethics in relation to recording language data . Ideally you should give the list to a group of people who are from different geographical locations. Listen for any examples that are different from your own and other students pronunciations. Try to account for any recognisable differences in vowel sounds by drawing upon the knowledge you have gained in A1 and B1. The list of IPA vowel symbols given in B1 is accompanied by an individual word to .
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