TAILIEUCHUNG - Gale Encyclopedia Of American Law 3Rd Edition Volume 1 P55

Gale Encyclopedia of American Law Volume 1 P55 fully illuminates today's leading cases, major statutes, legal terms and concepts, notable persons involved with the law, important documents and more. Legal issues are fully discussed in easy-to-understand language, including such high-profile topics as the Americans with Disabilities Act, capital punishment, domestic violence, gay and lesbian rights, physician-assisted suicide and thousands more. | 528 BASEBALL Donald Fehr of the Major League Baseball Players Association addresses the findings of the Mitchell Report which investigated steroid use in baseball. AP IMAGES into the control of MLB over the airwaves the federal appellate court ruled that the telecasts were indeed copyrightable works and that clubs were entitled to the revenues derived from them. As a result of these cases economic decisions regarding baseball have been left to the players and owners. For this reason baseball has been seen as an anomaly with regard to . antitrust laws and its exemption has been called an aberration confined to baseball Flood . The push for congressional action to eliminate this exemption intensified with the baseball players strike from 1994 to 1995. The strike left many in baseball including fans disenfranchised. Senator Howard M. Metzenbaum an Ohio Democrat who headed the subcommittee on antitrust laws led the fight to remove the antitrust exemption from baseball. However the 234-day strike ended in an agreement between owners and players in which owners promised to pay luxury taxes on clubs with high payrolls. Congress was spared the necessity of acting. Local communities however faced the possibility of losing their MLB franchises as the economics of baseball changed dramatically in the late 1990s. Major market teams many of them now owned by corporations rather than wealthy individuals drove up player payrolls. This change hurt smaller market teams and teams owned by individuals who either lacked the resources or the desire to match salaries. The Minnesota Twins unable to secure a new publicly funded baseball stadium threatened to move to another state in 1997. The state of Minnesota sought unsuccessfully to probe the team s finances and that of MLB but in the end the Twins could not secure a sale or move for the team. Unable to curb rising costs the baseball league proposed contracting two teams before the 2002 season. Under contraction MLB would buy out .

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