TAILIEUCHUNG - Báo cáo " Impact of export variety on productivity in Japan "

This paper underlines the idea of endogenous growth theory that new or higher quality products have significant impacts on productivity and economic growth. Different with previous studies, this paper uses a quite comprehensive definition of variety, which distinguishes the country of origin of the products. With disaggregated level of export data of Japan from 1980 to 2000, the empirical results suggest that nearly half of the industries studied have positive and significant relationship between varieties and Total Factor Productivity (TFP). Most of the industries, which show the positive and significant relationship between export variety and TFP, are. | VNU Journal of Science Economics and Business 28 2010 47-59 Impact of export variety on productivity in Japan Nguyen Anh Thu Faculty of International Business and Economics University of Economics and Business Vietnam National University Hanoi 144 Xuan Thuy Cau Giay Hanoi Vietnam Received 5 September 2010 Abstract. This paper underlines the idea of endogenous growth theory that new or higher quality products have significant impacts on productivity and economic growth. Different with previous studies this paper uses a quite comprehensive definition of variety which distinguishes the country of origin of the products. With disaggregated level of export data of Japan from 1980 to 2000 the empirical results suggest that nearly half of the industries studied have positive and significant relationship between varieties and Total Factor Productivity TFP . Most of the industries which show the positive and significant relationship between export variety and TFP are secondary industries. This conclusion may bring an implication for Japan to produce more differentiated products to help increase its TFP. 1. Introduction What lies behind the economic growth of Japan - the second economy in the world - is the concern of many economists. A great number of studies have contributed to answering this question. In this article the author would like to address one small part of the question by testing endogenous growth theory which emphasizes the impacts of new or higher quality products on productivity and economic growth. For the period 1980-2000 economic growth of Japan had experienced dramatical changes. In the 1980s Japan had great economic growth as well as great diversification leading to high productivity of the whole economy Total Factor Productivity - TFP . From 1993 Japan s economy entered a period of economic Tel 84-904655168 E-mail thuna@ vnu. stagnation. Product variety of Japan had also changed in a sophisticated way during this period. Since the mid-1980s .

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