TAILIEUCHUNG - Pesticide Residues in Coastal Tropical Ecosystems: Distribution, fate and effects - Chapter 2

Cộng hòa Ghana - hình thành từ việc sáp nhập của các thuộc địa của Anh Gold Coast và lãnh thổ Togoland tin tưởng vào năm 1957 - là nước đầu tiên ở châu Phi thực dân, giành độc lập của nó. Nó nằm ở phía Tây châu Phi khoảng giữa Lạt. 5 ° N và 11 ° N, Long. 1 ° E và 3 ° 30'W. Nó giáp Vịnh Guinea, phía nam Burkina Faso (Upper Volta) dọc theo phía Bắc và biên giới phía Tây Bắc, Cộng hòa của Côte d'Ivoire ở phía tây và Cộng hòa Togolese (Togo). | Chapter 2 Pesticides in the marine environment of Ghana S. Osafo Acquaah and E. Frempong INTRODUCTION The Republic of Ghana - formed from the merger of the British colony of the Gold Coast and the Togoland trust territory in 1957 - was the first country in colonial Africa to gain its independence. It is located in western Africa roughly between Lat. 5 N and 11 N Long. 1 E and 3 30 W It borders the Gulf of Guinea in the south Burkina Faso Upper Volta along its north and northwest border the Republic of Côte d Ivoire in the west and the Togolese Republic Togo in the east. Ghana has a total land area of 238 540 km2 divided among 10 administrative regions Ashanti Brong-Ahafo Central Eastern Greater Accra Northern Upper East Upper West Volta and Western Figure . Ghana s climate is warm and comparatively dry along the southeast coast but hot and humid in the southwest and hot and dry in the north. There are two distinct rainy seasons in the south April to July and September to November however in the north the rainy seasons tend to merge lasting from April through September. Annual rainfall ranges from about 1 100 mm in the north to about 2 100 mm in the southeast. The harmattan a dry northeasterly desert wind blows from December to March lowering the humidity and creating hot days and cool nights in the north. In the south the effects of the harmattan are felt primarily in January. A tropical rainforest belt broken by heavily forested hills along with many streams and rivers extends northward from the Gulf of Guinea near the Côte d Ivoire frontier. This area known as the Ashanti produces most of the country s cocoa minerals and timber. North of the rainforest Ghana is covered by low bush park-like savanna and grassy plains. Ghana s dominant feature is 8 482 km2 Lake Volta which backs up behind Akosombo Dam on the Volta River and is one of the world s largest artificially created lakes. This lake generates electricity provides inland transportation and is a .

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