TAILIEUCHUNG - Lean Manufacturing and the Environment: Research on Advanced Manufacturing Systems and the Environment and Recommendations for Leveraging Better Environmental Performance

Floods are part of nature. It is not technically feasible nor economically affordable to prevent all properties from flooding. Therefore a risk-based approach is taken to achieve the best results possible using the budget and resources available. As almost all of the Environment Agency’s funding has historically come from the taxpayer, we have a responsibility to ensure we achieve as much benefit as possible from the funds provided. These include benefits for people, the economy and the environment and all are valued when we identify the need for investment in flood risk management. The balance of priorities within the programme. | United States Environmental Protection Agency Solid Waste and Emergency Response 5302W Policy Economics Innovation 1807T EPA100-R-03-005 October 2003 innovation Lean Manufacturing and the Environment Research on Advanced Manufacturing Systems and the Environment and Recommendations for Leveraging Better Environmental Performance ACKNOWLEDGMENTS This report was prepared for the . Environmental Protection Agency s Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response OSWER and Office of Policy Economics and Innovation OPEI . Ross Associates Environmental Consulting Ltd. prepared this report for . EPA under contract to Industrial Economics Inc. . EPA Contract 68-D9-9018 . DISCLAIMER The observations articulated in this report and its appendices represent Ross Associates interpretation of the research case study information and interviews with lean experts and do not necessarily represent the opinions of the organizations or lean experts interviewed or researched as part of this effort. . Environmental Protection Agency EPA representatives have reviewed and approved this report but this does not necessarily constitute EPA endorsement of the observations or recommendations presented in this report. Lean Manufacturing and the Environment Research on Advanced Manufacturing Systems and the Environment and Recommendations for Leveraging Better Environmental Performance Table of Contents Executive Summary. 1 I. Introduction. 6 A. Purpose . 6 B. Project Activities. 7 II. Introduction to Lean Manufacturing . 8 A. What is Lean Manufacturing . 8 B. What Methods Are Organizations Using to Implement Lean . 10 C. Why Do Companies Engage in Lean Manufacturing . 14 D. Who Is Implementing Lean . 18 III. Key Observations Related to Lean Manufacturing and its Relationship to Environmental Performance and the Regulatory System. 21 Observation 1 21 Observation 2 29 Observation 3 33 Observation 4 40 IV. Recommendations. 44 Recommendation 1 . 44 Recommendation 2. 45

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