The textbook used by my predecessors assumed the reader had had some experience with electronics. The author went so far as to use screen captures from oscilloscopes and other test equipment to describe circuit properties. I soon found that this was a bad assumption to make when it came to students of computer science. | COMPUTER ORGANIZATION AND DESIGN FUNDAMENTALS Examining Computer Hardware from the Bottom to the Top David Tarnoff Computer Organization and Design Fundamentals by David Tarnoff Copyright 2005 by David L. Tarnoff. All rights reserved. Published with the assistance of This book was written by David L. Tarnoff who is also responsible for the creation of all figures contained herein. Cover design by David L. Tarnoff Cover cartoons created by Neal Kegley Printing History July 2005 First edition. January 2006 Minor corrections to first edition. Legal Notice The 3Com name is a registered trademark of the 3Com Corporation. The Apple name and iTunes name are registered trademarks of Apple Computer Inc. The Dell name is a registered trademark of Dell Inc. The Intel name Pentium 4 Processor Extreme Edition HyperThreading Technology and Hyper-Pipelined Technology are registered trademarks of the Intel Corporation. PowerPC is a registered trademark of International Business Machines Corporation. The Microsoft name is a registered trademark of the Microsoft Corporation. While every precaution has been taken to ensure that the material contained in this book is accurate the author assumes no responsibility for errors or omissions or for damage incurred as a result of using the information contained in this book. Please report any errors found to the author at tarnoff@. In addition suggestions concerning improvements or additions to the text are encouraged. Please direct such correspondence to the author. This book is dedicated to my wife and our son. I love you both with all my .

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