TAILIEUCHUNG - Gale Encyclopedia Of American Law 3Rd Edition Volume 9 P51

Gale Encyclopedia of American Law Volume 9 P51 fully illuminates today's leading cases, major statutes, legal terms and concepts, notable persons involved with the law, important documents and more. Legal issues are fully discussed in easy-to-understand language, including such high-profile topics as the Americans with Disabilities Act, capital punishment, domestic violence, gay and lesbian rights, physician-assisted suicide and thousands more. | 488 TAXATION Tea Party Movement One of the catalysts for the American Revolution was the imposition of British taxes on the American colonists. The battle cry of No Taxation without Representation struck a nerve. The Boston Tea Party of 1773 where colonists destroyed three shiploads of taxed tea that was to be returned to Great Britain has been adopted by succeeding generations of Americans who have opposed government taxation without representation. One example is the tea party movement which began in 2009. The tea party movement can be traced to the 2008 presidential campaign of congressman Ron Paul R-Tex. whose conservative Republican philosophy led him to callforthe extinction of the Federal Reserve system and for a drastic shrinking of the federal government. Though Paul had no chance of winning the Republican nomination his followers remain active and vocal in their criticism of the political system. In addition the election of Barack Obama as president coincided with the bailout of the . banking system following its dramatic near-collapse in September 2008. Though many Republicans voted for the bailout most conservatives were outraged. After President Obama proposed and Congress enacted a massive economic stimulus plan in February 2009 conservative radio commentators such as Rush Limbaugh fanned the flames of discontent. By mid-February small protests against the stimulus package had taken place in Denver and Washington. When Rick Santelli a cable news business commentator attacked the mortgage refinancing provisions of the law on a February 19 broadcast from Chicago he mentioned the idea of a Chicago Tea Party. Within hours the idea of a tea party movement was born and on February 27 protests were held in 40 cities around the United States. The tea party movement continued to grow. On April 15 anti-tax demonstrations were held in approximately 350 cities. Turnouts varied and critics questioned how many people actually participated. Nevertheless liberal .

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