TAILIEUCHUNG - Gale Encyclopedia Of American Law 3Rd Edition Volume 9 P50

Gale Encyclopedia of American Law Volume 9 P50 fully illuminates today's leading cases, major statutes, legal terms and concepts, notable persons involved with the law, important documents and more. Legal issues are fully discussed in easy-to-understand language, including such high-profile topics as the Americans with Disabilities Act, capital punishment, domestic violence, gay and lesbian rights, physician-assisted suicide and thousands more. | 478 TAMPER and defrauded New York City of millions of dollars. The corruption continued under subsequent Tammany Hall leaders such as Honest John Kelly Richard F. Croker and Charles F. Murphy. By 1930 however Samuel Seabury had begun to direct revealing inquiries against the city magistrates courts. These investigations led to the downfall of Tammany Hall and the resignation of incumbent mayor James J. Walker in 1932. Fiorello LaGuardia was elected mayor in 1933 and an anti-Tammany Hall era began. The once-powerful Tammany Hall machine was resurrected briefly in the 1950s by politician Carmine DeSapio but never regained the stronghold in New York politics that it once enjoyed. RESOURCES The members of Tammany Hall had a corrupt stronghold on New York City politics from the early 1880s until the 1930s. AP IMAGES patriotic organization first called the Society of St. Tammany or the Columbian Order. The name Tammany evolved from Tamanend a legendary Delaware Indian chief and the members of Tammany Hall used many Indian words to designate their various titles. Each trustee was a sachem and the presiding officer was a grand sachem the only person to receive the honor of great grand sachem was a president of the United States. The member who served as secretary was known as a scribe and the building that housed the Tammany meetings was called a wigwam. From these innocent beginnings Tammany Hall grew into a political force. Affiliates of the organization actively participated in politics in the early nineteenth century. In 1812 the association moved into the first Tammany Hall with a membership of approximately fifteen hundred members. By 1821 the association was receiving widespread support in New York City. Unfortunately Tammany Hall was also gaining a reputation for corruption control and subterfuge. In 1854 Tammany Hall member Fernando Wood was elected mayor of New York City. From then until 1933 City Hall was dominated almost exclusively by Tammany Hall. The most .