TAILIEUCHUNG - Gale Encyclopedia Of American Law 3Rd Edition Volume 9 P47

Gale Encyclopedia of American Law Volume 9 P47 fully illuminates today's leading cases, major statutes, legal terms and concepts, notable persons involved with the law, important documents and more. Legal issues are fully discussed in easy-to-understand language, including such high-profile topics as the Americans with Disabilities Act, capital punishment, domestic violence, gay and lesbian rights, physician-assisted suicide and thousands more. | 448 SURGEON GENERAL The Surgeon General and a Smoke-Free Future In 2010 smokers risk more than their health. Bans and restrictions on smoking have swept through nearly every walk of public life driving smokers out of offices restaurants and public buildings. Some firms even limit hiring to nonsmokers. Since the mid-1960s the antismoking movement has changed social attitudes and laws that govern this age-old habit. Leading this change were numerous studies warning that exposure to secondhand smoke kills thousands of . citizens each year. Increasingly provoked by the antismoking clampdown smokers rights groups and the . tobacco industry protest what they see as discriminatory treatment. Laws against smoking date back to the late nineteenth century when 14 states prohibited cigarettes. Contemporary antismoking efforts began with a . surgeon general s report in 1964 endorsing medical findings that smoking causes cancer. Congress required warning labels on tobacco products in 1965. In 1967 the federal communications commission FCC mandated that broadcasters carry antismoking messages in proportion to tobacco advertisements. This ruling led to the disappearance of tobacco ads from television and radio. in the 1970s public concern shifted. A long-standing awareness of smokers personal health risks was surmounted by growing fears about hazards to the public in general. increased attention to secondhand smoke or environmental tobacco smoke ETS fueled this significant change. A 1972 report The Health Consequences of Smoking A Report of the Surgeon General contained a chapter on ETS gave antismoking activists a powerful new weapon. Restrictions on public smoking began to appear. In 1973 the Civil Aeronautics Board required airlines to provide separate smoking and nonsmoking sections. States passed clean indoor air acts to protect the health of nonsmokers beginning with Arizona in 1973 Ariz. Rev. Stat. Ann. . The . tobacco industry lobbied strongly .