TAILIEUCHUNG - Gale Encyclopedia Of American Law 3Rd Edition Volume 9 P41

Gale Encyclopedia of American Law Volume 9 P41 fully illuminates today's leading cases, major statutes, legal terms and concepts, notable persons involved with the law, important documents and more. Legal issues are fully discussed in easy-to-understand language, including such high-profile topics as the Americans with Disabilities Act, capital punishment, domestic violence, gay and lesbian rights, physician-assisted suicide and thousands more. | 388 STONE HARLAN FISKE The law should NOT BE SEEN AS A HERMETICALLY SEALED COMPARTMENT OF SOCIAL SCIENCE TO BE EXPLORED AND ITS PRINCIPLES FORMULATED WITHOUT REFERENCE TO THOSE SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC FORCES WHICH CALL LAW INTO EXISTENCE. Harlan Fiske Stone Harlan Fiske Stone. PHOTOGRAPH BY HARRIS EWING. COLLECTION OF THE SUPREME COURT OF THE UNITED STATES Stone was born on October 11 1872 in Chesterfield New Hampshire. He graduated from Amherst College in 1894 and Columbia Law School in 1898. Admitted to the New York bar the year of his graduation Stone became a member of a prominent New York City law firm Satterlee Sullivan Stone. In 1899 he began lecturing at Columbia Law School. Stone accepted a professorship in 1902 and ultimately served as dean of the school from 1910 until 1923. He resigned in 1924 to join Sullivan and Cromwell the most prestigious law firm in New York City. In 1924 President Calvin coolidge appointed Stone attorney general. The justice department had been tarnished by the teapot dome scandal during the administration of Coolidge s predecessor President warren g. harding. In addition the Bureau of Investigation BI the forerunner of the federal bureau of investigation FBI had become a home to political cronyism and corruption. Stone appointed J. edgar hoover to head the BI and institute wide-ranging reforms. Stone s administration of the department of justice drew praise from Congress and President Coolidge. Coolidge nominated Stone to the Supreme Court in 1925. Some senators were fearful that Stone s wall Street connections would cause him to favor business interests. Responding to these concerns Stone proposed that he appear before the senate judiciary committee to answer questions. The committee accepted thereby creating the now-traditional confirmation process used for federal court appointments. Stone was easily confirmed. in the 1920s the Court was dominated by conservative justices who struck down many state and federal laws that sought to