TAILIEUCHUNG - Gale Encyclopedia Of American Law 3Rd Edition Volume 9 P33

Gale Encyclopedia of American Law Volume 9 P33 fully illuminates today's leading cases, major statutes, legal terms and concepts, notable persons involved with the law, important documents and more. Legal issues are fully discussed in easy-to-understand language, including such high-profile topics as the Americans with Disabilities Act, capital punishment, domestic violence, gay and lesbian rights, physician-assisted suicide and thousands more. | 308 SPORTS LAW Amateur sports can be divided into two categories restricted and unrestricted competition. Restricted competition includes elementary school high school and college athletics. Sports on these levels are controlled by athletic conferences associations and leagues connected to schools and colleges. Athletes in restricted competition must be eligible to play. Eligibility is determined by conferences associations and leagues formed by the schools. Unrestricted competition is open to all amateur athletes with some qualifications. The Olympics is an example of unrestricted competition. Although only a select few amateur athletes are chosen to represent the United States any person may seek entry into this elite group by entering recognized contests in the years before the Olympiad and qualifying for tryouts. Whether an athlete is eligible to compete in amateur events depends on the rules of the governing conference league or association. Many events formerly reserved for amateurs such as the Olympics were opened to professionals in the 1980s and 1990s. Gymnasts figure skaters soccer players track stars and other athletes once concerned with maintaining amateur status now may enjoy the fruits of professional competitions without losing access to prestigious amateur events. Often difficult eligibility issues for amateur athletes do not concern professional status. Qualification requirements for particular events and rules prohibiting drug use are among the more challenging roadblocks. Eligibility requirements for amateur athletes are many and varied. Generally amateur athletes do not have an absolute right to participate in sports events. In analyzing whether an athlete is eligible to participate a court must first decide whether the individual has a right to play as opposed to a mere privilege to play. Privileges can be revoked by the grantor of the privilege. If the individual has a right to participate the court examines the individual s relationship with

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