TAILIEUCHUNG - Gale Encyclopedia Of American Law 3Rd Edition Volume 9 P32

Gale Encyclopedia of American Law Volume 9 P32 fully illuminates today's leading cases, major statutes, legal terms and concepts, notable persons involved with the law, important documents and more. Legal issues are fully discussed in easy-to-understand language, including such high-profile topics as the Americans with Disabilities Act, capital punishment, domestic violence, gay and lesbian rights, physician-assisted suicide and thousands more. | 298 SPEEDY TRIAL Peace is the NORMAL CONDITION OF A COUNTRY AND WAR ABNORMAL NEITHER BEING WITHOUT LAW BUT EACH HAVING LAWS APPROPRIATE TO THE CONDITION OF SOCIETY. James Speed In the years between his 1849 defeat and the beginning of the civil war Speed held a chair in the law department at the University of Louisville. There he developed a reputation as a man of integrity and ability even among those who disagreed with his antislavery views. When President Lincoln needed help to hold Kentucky in the Union at the outbreak of the war he called on Speed. Lincoln and Speed had met as young men and maintained a close friendship throughout the years. Speed s younger brother Joshua Fry Speed was also a confidant of Lincoln s and acted as the president s emissary with the Southern states on a number of occasions before and during the war. Kentucky s refusal to join the confederacy can be largely attributed to the efforts of the Speed brothers. When the Civil War began Speed honored President Lincoln s request to recruit Union troops from Kentucky. He acted as the mustering officer in 1861 for the first call for Kentucky volunteers. Throughout the war Speed worked tirelessly for the Union cause. In 1864 he was rewarded for his loyalty when Lincoln named him . attorney general. At the close of the war Speed initially held a moderate view of how the Union should deal with the secessionists. But the assassination of President Lincoln caused him to develop a less forgiving stance a tougher Radical Republican position. After the assassination Speed maintained that the rebel officers who surrendered to General Grant have no homes within the loyal states and have no right to come to places which were their homes prior to going into rebellion. And in an 1865 opinion Speed concluded that in killing Lincoln John Wilkes Booth had acted as a public enemy on behalf of the Confederacy. He recommended that Booth and his accomplices be tried for their offenses by a military tribunal .

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