TAILIEUCHUNG - Gale Encyclopedia Of American Law 3Rd Edition Volume 9 P26

Gale Encyclopedia of American Law Volume 9 P26 fully illuminates today's leading cases, major statutes, legal terms and concepts, notable persons involved with the law, important documents and more. Legal issues are fully discussed in easy-to-understand language, including such high-profile topics as the Americans with Disabilities Act, capital punishment, domestic violence, gay and lesbian rights, physician-assisted suicide and thousands more. | 238 SMITH ROBERT Smith was born in November 1757 in Lancaster Pennsylvania. He came of age at the height of the American Revolution and like his father and his brother Samuel Smith volunteered to serve. He distinguished himself at the Battle of Brandywine but his experience convinced him that he was not suited to a military career. After the war Smith attended the College of New Jersey later Princeton University . He graduated in 1781 and went on to study law. Following his admission to the bar he established a practice in Baltimore and looked after family business interests while his father served the first of two terms in the Maryland state senate. By 1793 Smith had followed his father into the political arena. He served in the Maryland state senate from 1793 to 1796 and in the Maryland House of Delegates from 1796 to 1800. While in the house of delegates he served a concurrent term on Baltimore s city council. in 1801 Smith was appointed secretary of the Navy when his brother stepped down from that post following an appropriations dispute with Congress. Up to that time military appropriations had not been monitored or controlled as closely as other government expenditures and President Jefferson and members of his cabinet had become increasingly concerned about moneys drawn from the Treasury by the Secretaries of War and the Navy. When the cabinet curtailed lump-sum payments and demanded an itemized accounting of how funds were spent Smith s brother considered the demands to be a personal attack and he resigned. Smith who had a far better understanding of business and accounting practices was less inclined to view the increased scrutiny as an attack on his character. Most historians record that Smith served as secretary of the Navy from January 1802 to March 1805 but there are indications that he continued to act as secretary during his appointment as attorney general of the United States from March 1805 to the end of the year. Though his was an official .

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