TAILIEUCHUNG - Gale Encyclopedia Of American Law 3Rd Edition Volume 9 P17

Gale Encyclopedia of American Law Volume 9 P17 fully illuminates today's leading cases, major statutes, legal terms and concepts, notable persons involved with the law, important documents and more. Legal issues are fully discussed in easy-to-understand language, including such high-profile topics as the Americans with Disabilities Act, capital punishment, domestic violence, gay and lesbian rights, physician-assisted suicide and thousands more. | 148 SEX DISCRIMINATION asked for a leave of absence from work in October 1994 a leave to which he was entitled under the Family and Medical Leave Act Pub. L. 103-93 1993 . He asked for four to eight weeks of unpaid leave but was turned down. In November his wife was hospitalized with complications from the pregnancy and he again asked for leave. He was informed that a new state law allowed only ten days of unpaid leave for secondary caregiver which was how he was viewed by his employer unless his wife was severely incapacitated. Knussman was told that if he did not return to work after the ten-day period his job would be in jeopardy. Knussman filed federal suit in April 1995 against his employer Knussman v. State of Maryland No. B-95-1255 claiming that his rights under FMLA had been violated as had his Fourteenth Amendment right of equal protection under the law. After nearly four years during which the Maryland State Police claimed that they had merely been confused by the new statute a jury awarded Knussman 375 000 for emotional suffering. Interestingly during this time the Knussmans had a second child and Knussman s request for 12 weeks of paid leave was granted. Other legislation aimed at eradicating sexbased discrimination was also passed during this era. The Equal credit Opportunity Act 15 . 1691 prohibits discrimination on the basis of sex or marital status in the extension of credit. Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 20 . 1681-1686 prohibits educational institutions that are receiving federal financial assistance from engaging in sex discrimination including the exclusion of individuals from noncontact team sports on the basis of sex. In 1982 the Supreme Court extended this prohibition to sex-stereotyped admissions and employment practices of schools. The Equal Rights Amendment The boldest attempt to outlaw sex discrimination was congressional passage in 1972 of a constitutional amendment popularly known as the equal rights .

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