TAILIEUCHUNG - Suse Linux 9.3 For Dummies- P12

Suse Linux For Dummies- P12:This part is all about getting you started on your way to a lasting relationship with SUSE Linux. Before you can begin your SUSE Linux experience, I spend a chapter explaining what SUSE Linux is and what you can do with SUSE Linux (pretty much anything you can do with a PC that runs Windows). | Chapter 9 Browsing the Web 145 HTML anchor Optional part of the URL that makes the Web browser jump to a specific location in the file. If this part starts with a question mark instead of a hash mark the browser takes the text following the question mark to be a query. The Web server returns information based on such queries. Web servers and Web browsers The Web server serves up the Web pages and the Web browser downloads them and displays them to the user. That s pretty much the story with these two cooperating software packages that make the Web work. In a typical scenario the user sits in front of a computer that s connected to the Internet and runs a Web browser. When the user clicks a link or types a URL into the Web browser the browser connects to the Web server and requests a document from the server. The Web server sends the document usually in HTML format and ends the connection. The Web browser interprets and displays the HTML document with text graphics and multimedia if applicable . Figure 9-2 illustrates this typical scenario of a user browsing the Web. Figure 9-2 The Web browser requests documents and the Web server sends them. Web Server User Please purchase PDF Split-Merge on to remove this watermark. 146 Part III Doing Stuff with SUSE__ The Web browser s connection to the Web server ends after the server sends the document. When the user browses through the downloaded document and clicks another hypertext link the Web browser again connects to the Web server named in the hypertext link downloads the document ends the connection and displays the new document. That s how the user can move from one document to another with ease. A Web browser can do more than simply talk HTTP with the Web server in fact Web browsers can also download documents using FTP and many have integrated mail and newsreaders as well. Web Browsing in SUSE Linux Web browsing is fun because so many of today s Web pages are so