TAILIEUCHUNG - Lecture Project management: The managerial process (6/e) - Chapter 3: Organization: Structure and culture

Chapter 3 examined two major characteristics of the parent organization that affect the implementation and completion of projects. The first is the formal structure of the organization and how it chooses to organize and manage projects. | Project Management 6e. 3-1 3–2 Where We Are Now Project Management 6e. 3-2 3–3 Project Management Structures Challenges to Organizing Projects The uniqueness and short duration of projects relative to ongoing longer-term organizational activities The multidisciplinary and cross-functional nature of projects creates authority and responsibility dilemmas. Choosing an Appropriate Project Management Structure The best system balances the needs of the project with the needs of the organization. Project Management 6e. 3-3 3–4 Project Management Structures (cont’d) Organizing Projects: Functional organization Different segments of the project are delegated to respective functional units. Coordination is maintained through normal management channels. Used when the interest of one functional area dominates the project or one functional area has a dominant interest in the project’s success. Project Management 6e. 3-4 3–5 Functional Organization of Projects Advantages No structural change .