TAILIEUCHUNG - Introdungcing English language part 35

Introdungcing English language part 35: 'In this exciting new textbook, Louise Mullany and Peter Stockwell have provided a fresh and imaginative set of alternatives for teaching and learning a huge amount about the English language. The book allows tor creative and lateral approaches to developing an understanding of important linguistic concepts and, together with the thought-provoking activities, and accessible readings, guarantees there is something to stimulate every learner. | SECTION D EXTENSION LINGUISTIC READINGS D1 192 EXTENSION LINGUISTIC READINGS Beverley Collins and Inger Mees GLOTTALISATION IN CARDIFF In this extract from a larger study of the accent patterns of Cardiff in Wales Beverley Collins and Inger Mees focus on glottalisation the production or incorporation of a glottal stop when pronouncing the consonants p k and especially t . The Cardiff accent is unusual in British English in that glottalisation is regarded as a prestigious rather than stigmatised feature. Sociolinguistics and sociophoneticians are particularly drawn to anomalous phenomena such as this for the possible light that they shed on social patterns in general. The study excerpted below builds on earlier work over many years on the Cardiff accent. This allows Collins and Mees to make observations across history comparing actual results from several studies in real-time. Another way of studying historical development is by investigating the speech across the age-ranges at any one chronological moment which gives the researcher an apparent-time perspective. Collins and Mees correlate the accent patterns of their speakers with a complex of social variables to show the symbolic value of the accent feature. Beverley Collins and Inger Mees reprinted from Cardiff a real-time study of glottalisation in P. Foulkes and G. Docherty eds Urban Voices Accent Studies in the British Isles 2000 London Arnold pp. 185-202 Historically one can distinguish between three types of linguistic area in Wales Type 1. The present-day Welsh heartlands where Welsh was overwhelmingly the majority language until 1900 . most of Gwynedd and Dyfed together with parts of Clwyd and fragments of West Glamorgan and Powys . In these regions this is either still the case or otherwise a large percentage of the population remains bilingual. Type 2. Areas which were largely Welsh-speaking until about 1850 but rapidly passed through stages of bilingualism towards English monolingualism in the early